Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

(CETS no. 197)

Open for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe, the non-member States which have participated in its elaboration and the European Union, in Warsaw, on 16 May 2005.

Entry into force: 1 February 2008.

Summary of the treaty

The Convention is a comprehensive treaty mainly focused on the protection of victims of trafficking and the safeguard of their rights. It also aims at preventing trafficking as well as prosecuting traffickers.

The Convention applies to all forms of trafficking; whether national or transnational, whether or not related to organised crime and whoever the victim, women, men or children and whatever the form of exploitation, sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, etc.

The Convention provides for the setting up of an independent monitoring mechanism ("GRETA") guaranteeing Parties’ compliance with its provisions.